Many older homes have hidden secrets that can endanger the health and wellness of its family and those who work on it, such as during renovation. One of the most common hazardous materials is lead paint. Before the ban of the late 1970s, lead paint was commonly used in buildings – from households and schools to businesses and industry. Now, it’s important that with any older home from the position of the homeowner to homebuyer to do your due diligence for homes and lead paint.
The CPSC Lead Paint Ban of 1978
While the US Congress start to discuss and roll out bans for lead-based paint in the early 70s, it wasn’t until the Consumer Product Safety Commission – or CPSC – implemented regulations that came into effect in 1978. This is considered the magic year for buildings. Built after this, and lead paint is rarely a concern, but if your building was constructed before this – risks and regulations go up.
How the Lead RRP Rule Affects Older Homes
On April 22, 2008, the EPA announced a new rule requiring certification and safe work practices for contractors performing renovation, repair, and painting projects in homes, child-care facilities, and schools. Before that time, it was a “recommendation,” but the EPA saw that lead poisoning, specifically against the most vulnerable victims – children – required enforceable rules. These rules come into effect upon certain requirements:
- Age: Building specifically made before 1978, after which the CPSC lead ban banned its use, are affected by this rule.
- Type: Buildings that are child-occupied facilities, including residential (homes), public (schools), or commercial (childcare).
- Activity: Any work that will disturb the paint in these buildings, including repairs, renovations, and painting projects. Minor projects, like window replacement, may not count.
Learn more in our blog, What is the Lead RRP Rule and Why Is It Important?
What You Need to Do with Older Homes
Now that we’ve covered the two rules for older homes, it’s important to know what you need to do to test for lead paint, and how to discover of lead paint can affect your building:
- Testing for Lead Paint: A sample should be taken before any work is done. There are home-based or lap tests. Since rooms may be painted over multiple times, it’s important that paint chip samples contain all layers.
- Discovery of Lead Paint: If lead paint is discovered, it’s important to at minimum take legal action. Under the Lead-Based Paint Disclosure Regulation, you disclose to potential buyers or renters all known information about the presence of lead-based paint, in addition to RRP certification for contractors.
- Health Hazards of Chips and Dust: Lead paint in the form of chips and dust prove a major hazard to children and even adults in the form of lead poisoning. Think about getting paint removed even if it doesn’t pose an immediate hazard.
If you’re worried about asbestos or lead in your home, your contractor has discovered it, or you’re looking to get an inspection before renovating, we can help. Fiber Control, Inc. are experts in asbestos abatement and lead remediation. Contact us today to learn about your options when it comes to removing these materials.